Useful food and a healthy liver do well for the eyes. Here’s how to reduce the risk of cataracts and yellow spots.
In case of prolonged high blood sugar, you often get changes in the blood vessels in the retina of the eye. The retina is the light-absorbing membrane located on the inside of the back of the eye.
Initially, the changes do not give any symptoms. Therefore, it is important for diabetics to regularly go for eye checks. When the disease is a long time away, it gives a visual impairment that can be seen as dark shadows over the field of vision.
Be sure to keep your blood sugar level at a good level. It is also important that blood pressure and blood lipids lie well.
- Avoid large amounts of sugar and starch, ie white bread and more.
- Take supplements with the omega 3 fatty acids EPA and DHA, 1,000 mg a day. It can reduce the risk of vascular and blood clots.
- Make sure you get enough vitamin D and take any supplements. It can counteract the formation of blood vessels that occur in diabetic retinopathy.
- Make sure you get enough flavonoids, which strengthen and widen the blood vessels. Good sources are berries, fruits, tea (green, black or red), cocoa, coffee, wine and pomegranate, but also dietary supplements with pycnogenol or ginkgo biloba.
Glaucoma (Green Starch)
Glaucoma is an eye disease that damages the optic nerve. Often the pressure in the eye is too high. The vision begins to deteriorate in the periphery, which one does not always notice by itself. Over time, you get a binocular look, where you only see in the middle of the field of view. The result is that you easily walk on things and not be able to drive. The symptoms develop in most cases slowly, but can also come suddenly. Many people with glaucoma, however, must maintain a fairly good outlook on life, provided the disease is treated properly.
The cause of glaucoma is not completely known, but the disease can be hereditary. If siblings or parents have green starches, one should examine their eyes regularly from their 40s.
If the pressure in the eyes is increased, it can be lowered in different ways, for example with different eye drops, laser treatment or surgery. The treatment can often slow down the course of the disease, but does not restore already damaged nerve tissue and vision.
- Omega 3 fatty acids
- Lutein, zeaxanthin
- B vitamins folic acid, B6 and B12
- Ginkgo biloba
- Coenzyme Q10
Yellow spot disease
Damage to the eye’s yellow spot is the most common cause of visual impairment in the Western world. The disease usually begins after the age of 50.
The yellow spot is the central part of the retina of the eye. There is the sharpest sight, which we use when we read, for example.
There are two variants of this disease. In the so-called dry form, which is most common, the symptoms will creep in and give a blurred spot in the middle of the field of view. The wet form comes more suddenly and often gives a more pronounced visual impairment.
The disease is partly hereditary, but also depends on our lifestyle and is considered to be related to increased formation of free radicals. Smoking and sunlight are likely to increase the risk.