The most common eye diseases
Information on the most common eye diseases in Finland and illustrations of how they are experienced.
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A visual impairment is always highly individual and the image examples on the page are only rough generalizations to try to explain to others how visual injuries are experienced. The first image is sharp and it is used as a comparison to the rest of the pictures that illustrate the most common eye diseases in Finland.
Blindförbundet in Norway has developed a very good app that simulates visual injuries via the phone’s camera. Download it to iOS via the following link.
Diabetics risk getting a visual impairment to a greater extent than others. Diabetic retinopathy involves symptoms such as blurred and cloudy vision, often associated with blood sugar levels. It is also common to experience lightning in the field of vision and sudden loss of vision. The best way to prevent the disease is to manage your blood sugar balance. It is also important to check regularly to get the right treatment in good time. Digestive injuries are rare for diabetics and go a long way to avoiding only with a healthy lifestyle.
Gray cataracts or cataracts are the most common cause of blindness worldwide. Gray starlings come with age and one-third of those who turn 65 have cataracts. Symptoms of cataracts are that the lens of the eye becomes cloudy and the vision gets worse. Special night vision becomes difficult with cataracts. Aging is the single largest contributor to cataracts. Abundant alcohol consumption, smoking, obesity and diabetes may accelerate the development of cataracts. Starr can be operated and it is determined by a doctor if it meets the criteria for surgery.
Glaucoma (Green Starch)
Glaucoma is an eye disease that progresses slowly and delicately without any major symptoms. After macula, it is the most common cause of visual impairment in over 65-year-olds in Finland. About 80,000 people in Finland suffer from glaucoma and 7 new cases are reported every day. Illness causes the visual field to slowly shrink and blind spots are formed where one does not see. When the vision gets worse, you have usually had the disease for a long time without knowing it. The treatment of green starches involves lowering the pressure on the eye. It is done using eye drops and one can also be operated. It is important to check if you get symptoms that indicate glaucoma. Especially if you have a close relative that you know has suffered from glaucoma.
Macula, Macular Degeneration (Yellow Spot)
Macula is the most common cause of visual impairment among elderly people. About one third of people over 70 have the disease. There are two different forms of macula. One is dry age changes, which leads to poorer visual acuity and that you need stronger light when reading. The dry is more common but can rarely be treated.
The other is wet age changes, which leads to the vision deteriorating rapidly. Things that you look at may look crooked or distorted. The wet is much more rare than the dry one, but can often be treated.
The best way to prevent macula is to have healthy living habits. Eating lots of fruits and vegetables, as well as avoiding smoking.
You never get completely blinded by the changes in the yellow spot, but you still have your vision. However, it can be impossible to read plain text in TV and newspapers.
Retinal detachment usually affects elderly people, 65 years of age or older. It is common to see light flashes (aura), that the sight is cloudy and that one experiences a dark shadow reminiscent of a curtain on the edge of the field of view. The disease can be successfully prevented if you seek care directly. If the retina detaches, one should receive care within one week, otherwise one risks getting permanent impaired vision.
Retinitis, or retinitis pigmentosa, is a collective term for over one hundred hereditary eye diseases that affect the retina. Common symptoms of retinitis are night blindness, a greatly impaired ability to see in the dark, and increased glare, that is, it is difficult to change from dark to light and vice versa. Also, spots in the field of view are also common, which over time become larger. Thin ends are common. Retinitis is a serious eye disease and can often lead all the way to complete blindness.
At the moment there is no cure for retinitis pigmentosa. According to some studies, an increased intake of vitamin A may delay the disease in some patients.
An injury is always individual and the examples on the page are only rough generalizations to try to explain to others how visual injuries are experienced